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Which to Plant? Annual vs Perennial vs Biennial


If you are looking to plant a garden, you know there are a plethora of different plants to choose from for your space.

When you are selecting the right plants for your garden, the three different kinds you need to be focused on choosing between are annuals, biennials, and perennials. These three species make up the contingency of both edible and non-edible plants in many gardens and flowerbeds today.

If you are looking to plant mostly edibles in your backyard, here are some important things to be aware of when selecting the right ones for you.


The most versatile of the three kinds of plants, this species is one that is able to last the course of several seasons as the winter will kill off the top part of the plant before it regrows once again in the spring. If you happen to be living in a warmer climate however, you will find that these kinds of plants will actually growing year round.

The large majority of this kind consist of trees such as maple, pine, and apple. You will also find that many spices and herbs fall under this category as well, including dill, garlic, oregano, chives, thyme, and lavender. For those focused on keeping up with an edible garden, these trees and herbs are likely the best and easiest option to keep up with.


Other than the perennial, annuals are the most common type of plant commonly found in gardens and flowerbeds. The large majority of this species are non-edible options as you will commonly see these as flowers. These plants go through a very dramatic change in just one growing season. As they grow and bloom, the roots and stems will then die in the winter. This creates the need for thee plants to be replanted each year to yield a new harvest.

For the plant owner looking for edible options, the annual is perfect as this is where many vegetables come into play. With annuals, you can enjoy fantastic options such as beans, lettuce, onion, peas, potatoes and more.


The final species of plant you have available at your disposal are biennials. While annuals can only reach their peak level in just one growing season, biennials have a growing period of two seasons, making them a good balance between annuals and the three or more season long perennials.

These plants will typically grow in two different cycles as the first season with produce a stem with a few leaves, with the second season actually producing the fruit or seeds you are after. For those planting edibles, this is another great option as you will find this produces great options such as beets, brussels sprouts, cabbage, carrots, and more.

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